System solutions for escape and rescue routes
Building legislation requirements
In Germany, fundamental building legislation requirements are described in the Model Building Code (MBO). The requirements of building legislation are specified in the state building codes (LBO) and supplementary special building regulations, e.g. for kindergartens, working and business premises, administrative buildings and meeting places.
The most important requirements focus on the following questions:
- How must it be possible to open doors in rescue routes?
- In which direction must doors open in rescue routes?
- How wide and how high must doors in rescue routes be?
Standards and directives for escape and rescue routes
- Windows and outside doors without smoke and fire protection requirements regulated by EN 14 351-1
- Doors in rescue routes EN 179 / EN 1125
- German directive governing electrical locking systems on doors in escape routes (EltVTR)
- German directive governing automatic sliding doors in rescue routes AutSchR
- Function of revolving doors in escape routes DIN 18650
Supplementary standards and directives
- Preventative fire protection: smoke exhaust to DIN 18232-2
- DIN 18040 barrier-free construction
- EN 1627 sets out the provisions for burglar inhibition of doors and assigns these to 6 burglar resistance classes